Brief History of Ibăneşti
1453 – first documentary evidence of Ibăneşti;
1599 – 1600 – Ibăneşti inhabitants fought for Michael the Brave in Moldovia;
1848 – 1849 – Gurghiului Valley residents were part of Legion XII, led by Constantin Roman Vivu, and they sent representatives to Grand National Assembly of Blaj;
1877 – 1878 – Romanian War of Independence: 30 taxpayers of Ibăneşti supports through donations Romanian Army
1914 – 1918 – First World War: between September 5 and October 4, 1916 are given heavy fighting in Gurghiului Valley;
1932 – The IbăneştiHeroesMonument was erected with support of Dr. Eugen Nicoara, President of ASTRA Despărţământul – Reghin;
1921 – Agrarian reform: invalids, widows and war orphans received land (surface 10 yokes and 6 fathoms) in Ibăneşti, from Rabbit Meadow and Zimți Meadow.
Ibăneşti’s Coat of Arms consists of a triangular shield with rounded edges, cut by a wavy silver belt. At the top: three silver firs in a blue field. On the bottom of the shield: a golden deer head in a red field. The shield is surmounted by a silver mural crown with a crenellated tower. The wavy silver belt symbolizes Gurghiu River. The trees and the deer head represent the Forestry and Hunting richness. The crenellated tower mural means that the locality has the rank of village.
Area & Population – 31890 ha of which 30590 ha is farmland. According to the 2011 census, there are 1895 houses of which 99.68% (1889 houses) are in private ownership and 0.32% (6 houses) are in state ownership. Population – The village’s population, according to the 2011 census, is 4357 inhabitants of which 2222 are male and 2135 are female.
Climate. Ibănești has a continental-temperate climate with an average temperature between 6 and 8°C. Winter has a relatively long duration, the snow covering continuously the ground from December to the end of March. Average annual precipitation is between 800 and 950mm, maximum rainfall being reached at Fâncel: 1244.2mm/year. In the winter the mountains’ snow cover is great, reaching thickness of 0.75m – 2.5m (in 1975/1976).
Geography. The Hydrographic Network of Ibăneşti consists of Gurghiu River, a tributary of Mures River. Tributaries of Gurghiu River spring from Batrana and Saca mountains being: the Black Brook, Fâncel, Fătăciuniţa, Tisieu, Tireu, Isticeu, the Casva Valley to east and on to west the Calin, Sirod, Prislop, Bucin, Floreşti, Dulcea, Pietroasa and Orşova. The Gurghiu’s hydrographic basin includes four communes made up of 30 villages. Most villages belong to both the municipality of Ibăneşti (10 villages) and Gurghiu (10 villages). Ibănești is found in area of volcanic Gurghiu Mountains. In the eastern part of the basin, the slopes are very steep. The mountains are covered with coniferous vegetation. The Ibănești Valley is bounded by Fâncel Mountain (1684m), Batrana Mountain (1634m), Tătarca Mountain (1688m) and Saca Peak (1777m). The vegetation up to a height of 600m is dominated by broadleaf forests, between 600-1000m there is a mixture of hardwood and softwood, and above 100 m altitude a lot of coniferous forests. The dominant species are beech and spruce. Besides these, shrubs (fir, beech, spruce, hazelnut, raspberry, blackberry, blueberries, strawberries, juniper, alder), medicinal plants (eglantine, elder, peppermint) and perennial plants (daffodils, bubbles, pinks, campanula, swamp irises, snowdrops) are also prevalent.
-Natural Reserve Lăpuşna: The forest is established as a forest seed reserve for spruce species, which are in. exceeds 170 years old.
-SacaNaturalPark: It is a protected area of the forest. Forest formations are predominately pure spruce forests (68%), followed by mixtures of spruce, pine and beech (22%) and spruce-beech forests (9%).
The Fauna consists of stag, roe deer, lynx, marten, wild boar, wolf, roebuck, capercaillie, owl, eagle owl. In the brooks there are a lot of species like trout, grayling, barbel, chub, loach, eel and crayfish. Lăpuşna hunting fund was hunting fund of the Crown and in the former regime it was a presidential hunting fund. Several trophies of world value were collected from this area, (deer, bear, wolf).
Demographics. As per the 2011 census, the birth rate was 11.2 ‰ and mortality rate was 12.6%, so it found a negative growth of -1.4%. The aging population has a significant percentage – 22.4%. During 2012, there were 17 requests for marriages and 2 for divorces. 97.9%of the population of Ibănești are Romanians. A relatively small percent of Ibăneștiers are Hungarians – 0.18% with 1.88% are other nationalities. In terms of religious affiliation, 88% of the population are Romanian Orthodox, 5% are Romanian Greek Catholic and less than 5% are other faiths. People with higher education are working generally in institutions with significant importance for local community: schools, Municipality Office, dispensaries, police and forestry. In 2012 registered unemployed population is 83 people, of which 56 are men (67.5%).
Industry and Services. The main economic activities developed by operators regard the exploitation and processing of forest resources. In Ibănești there are 77 companies, the most active of them being processing and timber trading (35 companies). Two companies produce cheese and cheese products. In the village we have a factory for beer production and a lot of stores.
Agriculture. The agricultural area of Ibăneşti is 30590 hectares, distributed as follows: 662 hectares of arable land, 1947 hectares of fields, 2133 hectares of meadows, 25 848 hectares of forest. Farms have the following livestock: 861 cattle, 4724 sheep, 550 goats , 455 pigs, 9390 birds, 244 horses, 127 rabbits, 650 beehives.
Tourism. The diversity and beauty of village present many offers for mountain tourism or other type of tourism: cultural, rural, sportive or ecumenical. The sights can be organised as follows:
1. The resonance Spruce of Lăpuşna. Reservation area is 77.8 hectares. Reservation type: Forest.
2. The Saca Natural Parc. Location: Sovata, Ibăneşti. Reservation area: 7700 hectares. Reservation type: Mixed landscape.
3. “Saint Nicholas” Wooden Church – Lăpuşna. The church was built in the eighteenth century (1779) in Comori village. The year is mentioned in a sculpture at the church entrance. The icons from inside were made in 1740. The church is built of spruce and oak. The mural painting is in a naive popular style. In 1939, the church was moved to Lăpuşna, near the hunting castle belonging to the royal family. From 1997 it was established as a monastery for monks.
4. Hunting Castle – Lăpuşna. Lăpuşna Castle is located to 45 km from Reghin and to 70 km from Targu Mures. Altitude of 815m. Built 1925-1926. Lăpuşna Castle belonged to the kings of Romania: Ferdinand, Carol II and Mihai I, until 1949, when it was nationalised. During the communist regime, the castle played the role of “Presidential House” where many personalities of the time hunted, such as Khrushchev, Tito and Jivkov. Currently, the castle is renovated and is used for accommodation.
5. Monument of the First World War heroes. Erected in 1932 with financial support of Dr. Eugen Nicoara, President of “ASTRA Despărțământului” –Reghin.
6. Roman surveillance tower of Ibăneşti – “Small Fortress”. It situated on a high hill with good visibility to Gurghiu valley and 2 km south of the village centre. The construction was a fortification. It had a quadrilateral form (25 x 17m), surrounded by mound and stone, and bounded by ditches on some sides.
7. Neolithic settlement of Ibăneşti – “Orşova Stone”. The top point has a small platform, almost smooth, surrounded by coombs.
8. Prehistoric settlement of Ibăneşti – “Pietroasa”. It is said a prehistoric settlement with numerous fragments of pottery.
9. Coţofeni culture settlement of Ibăneşti – “Pietroasa-Isticeu”. Ceramic fragments and a granite axe were found here.
Social Heritage – Local Events
10. Gurghiu Valley Festival. It takes place in August. The festival takes place in an allegorical village. There are exhibited specific traditional products, handicrafts, customs and folk dances. The event is organised by The Community of Gurghiu Valley and it consists of four communities: Gurghiu Solovăstru, Ibăneşti and Hodac.
11. Ibăneşti between myth and reality. Dubbed “The Elderly Celebration”, this local event is organised to celebrate couples having achieved 50 years of marriage, and also to celebrate longevity of families, conservation and preservation of traditions.
12. Traditional clothes. People wore simple and distinguished clothes, having dacic origin. Predominant colours are black and white. The women wore white shirts with sleeves. Above the shirt, women had a dress, woven of hemp or wool. The male costume consisted of “cioareci” of white pants, woven from wool for winter and from hemp for summer. Also they wore longer shirts, all white, hemp made and stitched on neck, sleeves and chest with black and red. On the head, the men had a small black hat, with a narrow brim.
13. Hunting. There are two private hunting and fishing associations covering an area of 1720 hectares. Hunters from other countries participate in hunting in this area, most of them from Germany and France.
Road Infrastructure. Ibăneşti is crossed by 13 km of county road. The village manages 36 km of roads network and 110km of streets. For local public transport there are permanent bus routes: Ibăneşti – Reghin and Dulcea – Reghin. Ibăneşti is not connected directly to the national railway network.
Utility Networks. In Ibăneşti there is no natural gas network. The water supply is achieved through a centralised system made by the Municipal Office. Also local sources are used for drinking water. The sewage system covers only the centre of the village, but in the future this system will be extended. The commune is provided with national telecommunications services, cable TV and internet services. Postal services are covered by national supplier – Romanian Post with 3 post offices in the Ibăneşti area. Also Ibănești has; 2 pharmacies, 2 family physicians, 1 dentist, 1 veterinary cabinet with 3 veterinarians, 1 SMURD unit for emergency rescue services.
Social Protection. 49 social workers are employed at the Municipality Office, belonging to the Department of Social Assistance.
Education. The education system has following infrastructure; 4 Schools, 5 Kindergartens. One bus is dedicated to the transport of pupils. Five libraries, one is attached to the documentation centre and other four are school libraries, working within educational establishments.
Regional Association. Ibăneşti village is part of the following forms of regional and micro-regional association: Intercommunity Development Association “Aqua Invest Mures”; Intercommunity Development Association “Ecolect” Mures; European Charter of Rural Communities.
Projects in Progress. Ibăneşti Municipality Office invests from its own (local) resources in: alleyways, car parking, public lighting. From European funds it invests in; upgrading roads (45km), development of tourism infrastructure (tourism routes, mountain shelters), building a sheep yard – European type, from Swiss funds.
1. Modernisation and upgrading of local roads network
2. Expansion and upgrading of water supply and sewerage network
3. Upgrading and reinstatement of local roads network
4. Establishing a collection centre for agricultural products
5. Establishing an after school programme
6. Invigorating, upgrading and equipping medical dispensaries
7. Restoration / upgrading of Cultural Centre
8. Establishing a Day Centre for the elderly
9. Establishing an Unique Centre for citizens and businesses
Come to visit us for memorable hospitality and an unforgettable experience!
Mayor Dan Vasile Dumitru
Click on this link to learn more about Ibanesti: www.ibanesti.ro